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January 2015 - Volume 21, Number 1


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Rape and Sexual Assault Among College-Age Females,

1995 - 2013

by Lynn Langton, Ph.D., and Sofi Sinozich, Intern,

Bureau of Justice Statistics, U.S. Department of Justice


Compares the characteristics of rape and sexual assault victimization against females ages 18 to 24 who are enrolled and not enrolled in college. Data are from the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS). Also discusses methodological differences between the NCVS and other surveys that measure rape and sexual assault victimization and the impact of these differences on rape and sexual assault estimates.




* The rate of rape and sexual assault was 1.2 times higher for non-students (7.6 per 1,000) than for students (6.1 per 1,000).


* For both college students and non-students, the offender was known to the victim in about 80% of rape and sexual assault victimizations.


* Most (51%) student rape and sexual assault occurred while the victim was pursuing leisure activities away from home, compared to non-students who were engaged in other activities at home (50%) when the victimization occurred.


* The offender had a weapon in about 1 in 10 rape and sexual assault victimizations against both students and non-students.


* Rape and sexual assault victimizations of students (80%) were more likely than non-student victimizations (67%) to go unreported to police.


Lynn Langton, Ph.D., and Sofi Sinozich, Intern, Bureau of Justice Statistics, U.S. Department of Justice, December 11, 2014, Report: NCJ 248471, <>.


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