Site menu:

 

January 2013 Policy Study, Number 13-1

   

School Choice: Not if the Unions Have Any Say

   

Endnotes

   

 

[1] “A Nation at Risk: The Imperative For Educational Reform,” National Commission on Excellence in Education, 1983, <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/A_Nation_at_Risk> accessed September 10, 2012.
[2] Tamar Lewin, “Once a Leader, U.S Lags in College Degrees,” The New York Times, July 23, 2012, <http://www.nytimes.com/2010/07/23/education/23college.htm> accessed September 10, 2012.
[3] Juan Williams, “Why Condoleezza Rice could change everything for Romney,” FoxNews.com, May 1, 2012, <http://www.foxnews.com/opinion/2012/05/01/why-condoleezza-rice-could-change-everything-for-romney/#ixzz264QuvE7a> accessed September 10, 2012.
[4] Kelsey Sheehy, “Graduation Rate Increase Propelled by Latino Achievement,” U.S. News and World Report, June 13, 2012, <http://www.usnews.com/education> accessed September 10, 2012, and Lyndsey Layton, “High school graduation rate rises in U.S.,” The Washington Post, March 19, 2012, <http://www.washingtonpost.com/local/education/high-school-graduation-rate-rises-in-us/2012/03/16/gIQAxZ9rLS_story.html> accessed September 4, 2012.
[5]“Open Enrollment: Online Database,” Education Commission of the States, <http://www.ecs.org/html/educationissues/OpenEnrollment/OEDB_intro.asp> accessed September 10, 2012.
[6] “Some East Iowa Parents dislike open enrollment rules,” The Cedar Rapids Gazette, July 22, 2012, <http://thegazette.com/2012/07/22/some-east-iowa-parents-dislike-open-enrollment-rules/> accessed on December 4, 2012.
[7] “Scholarship Tax Credit Programs in the United States,” American Federation for Children, <http://www.federationforchildren.org/existing-programs> accessed September 6, 2012.
[8] “Iowa Tax Credits Available for Individual Income, Corporation Income, and Franchise Tax,” State of Iowa, July 1, 2012, pp. 11-12, <http://www.iowa.gov/tax/taxlaw/Taxcredits.pdf> accessed on December 3, 2012.
[9] John Watson et.al., “Keeping Pace with Online Learning 2011, An Annual Review of Policy and Practice,” The Evergreen Education Group, November 2011, p. 5, <http://kpk12.com/cms/wp-content/uploads/KeepingPace2011.pdf> accessed September 10, 2012.
[10] “Charter Schools 101: The Most Frequently Asked Questions,” Fact Sheets for Reporters, National Alliance for Public Charter Schools, <http://www.publiccharters.org/editor/files/Communications/Charter%20Schools%20101_2012.pdf> accessed September 6, 2012.
[11] John Watson and Butch Gemin, “A Parents Guide to Choosing the Right Online Program,” International Association for K-12 Online Learning, p. 2, <http://www.inacol.org/research/promisingpractices/docs/NACOL_PP-ParentsGuide-lr.pdf> accessed on September 30, 2012.
[12] John Watson et.al., “Keeping Pace….” 2011, p. 5.
[13] Ibid., p. 16.
[14] “Indiana Department of Education Authorizes Major Expansion for Connections Academy Statewide Virtual School,” June 2, 2011, <http://www.connectionsacademy.com/news/inca-expansion-kindergarten-high-school.aspx> accessed on October 4, 2012.
[15] Collin Hitt, “Private Sector Educators, Government school Students: A Survey and Overview of Instructional Service Privatization in Illinois Public Schools,” Illinois Policy Institute, February 27, 2009, <http://illinoispolicy.org/news/article.asp?ArticleSource=777> accessed September 30, 2012.
[16] Susan Patrick, “Funding and Policy Frameworks: Virtual Education,” The North American Council for Online Learning, <http://www.charterschooltools.org/tools/FundingandPolicy.pdf> and Auginblick, Palaich and Associates, “Costs and Funding of Virtual Schools,” Bell South Foundation, <http://www.apaconsulting.net/uploads/reports/9.pdf> October 2, 2006.
[17] “Virtual School and 21st Century Skills,” The North American Council for Online Learning and the Partnership for 21st Century Skills, November 2006, <http://www.inacol.org/research/docs/NACOL_21CenturySkills.pdf> accessed September 29, 2012.
[18] Steve Lohr, “Study Finds That Online Education Beats the Classroom,” The New York Times, August 19, 2009, <http://bits.blogs.nytimes.com/2009/08/19/study-finds-that-online-education-beats-the-classroom/> accessed September 10, 2012.
[19] Michael Horn, “The Socialization Question,” The Huffington Post, October 19, 2010, <http://www.huffingtonpost.com/michael-horn/the-socialization-questio_b_764547.html> accessed September 10, 2012, and Jay Sivin-Kachala and Ellen Bialo, “Evaluation of the Social Skills of Full-Time, Online Public School Students,” Interactive Educational Systems Design, May 2009, <http://jhauge.tie.wikispaces.net/file/view/IESD-Socialization-Study-May-2009.pdf> accessed on December 4, 2012.
[20] John Watson and Butch Gemin, “Socialization in Online Programs,” North American Council for Online Learning, Evergreen Consulting Associates, September 2008, <http://www.inacol.org/research/.../NACOL_PP_Socialization.pdf> accessed September 10, 2012.
[21] “Socialization and Community,” Indiana Connections Academy, <http://www.connectionsacademy.com/indiana-school/our-school/virtual-community/home.aspx> accessed on October 4, 2012.
[22] “Does Iowa Really Want Online Schools?” Editorial, The Des Moines Register, March 15, 2012, <http://www.desmoinesregister.com/article/20120316/OPINION03/303150100/Does-Iowa-really-want-online-schools-> accessed on September 10, 2012.
[23] “Tom Courtney,” National Institute on Money in State Politics, <http://www.followthemoney.org/database/uniquecandidate.phtml?uc=4869> accessed on October 3, 2012.
[24] Courtney for State Senate Committee, Iowa Ethics and Campaign Disclosure Board, <https://webapp.iecdb.iowa.gov/PublicView/search.aspx?d=statewide> accessed on November 14, 2012
[25] Andrew Petersen, “Open Enrollment,” Quad City Times, August 28, 2011, <http://qctimes.com/sports/high-school/athletes-among-nearly-open-enrolled-students-in-iowa/article_38e91e14-d120-11e0-b8e2-001cc4c002e0.html> accessed on November 30, 2012.
[26] “Tod Bowman” Iowa Campaign and Ethics Disclosure Board, <https://webapp.iecdb.iowa.gov/PublicView/search.aspx?d=statewide> accessed on December 3, 2012.
[27] “State Senator Tod Bowman, Iowa Senate District 13,” <http://www.senate.iowa.gov/senator/bowman> accessed on December 3, 2012.
[28] “SF2284 Education Law Amendments – Key Vote,” Project Votesmart, <http://votesmart.org/bill/15028/education-law-amendments> accessed on December 3, 2012.
[29] “Bridgepoint Education, Inc.” U.S. Senate, 2012, <http://www.help.senate.gov/imo/media/for_profit_report/PartII/Bridgepoint.pdf> accessed on December 6, 2012.
[30] “Iowa State Education Association PAC,” Iowa Ethics and Campaign Disclosure Board, <https://webapp.iecdb.iowa.gov/PublicView/search.aspx?d=statewide> accessed on November 14, 2012.
[31] Ibid.
[32] “AFSCME Pac,” Iowa Campaign and Ethics Disclosure Board, <https://webapp.iecdb.iowa.gov/PublicView/search.aspx?d=statewide> accessed on November 14, 2012.
[33] Ibid.
[34] Jennifer Hemmingsen, “More Fat to Cut from Schools,” The Cedar Rapids Gazette, October 27, 2012, <http://thegazette.com/2012/10/27/more-fat-to-cut-in-schools/> accessed on November 10, 2012.
[35] “The Gazette - What You Said About School Administration,” Jennifer Hemmingsen, The Cedar Rapids Gazette, October 29, 2012, <http://www.edchoice.org/Newsroom/News/The-Gazette---What-You-Said-About-School-Administration.aspx> accessed on December 6, 2012.
[36] Sheeny Dooley, “Education Chief: Online Academies Will Face Scrutiny,” The Des Moines Register, February 20, 2012, <http://www.desmoinesregister.com/article/20120220/NEWS02/302200021/Education-chief-Online-academies-will-face-scrutiny> accessed on September 10, 2012.
[37] “Hudson Community School District Certified Enrollment for the 2001-2012 School Year and Five Year Enrollment Projections,” Hudson Community School District, October 17, 2011, <http://hudsonpiratepride.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/03/Hudson-Enrollment.pdf?9d7bd4> accessed on October 2, 2012.
[38] Amie Steffen, “Marion Educator New Hudson Superintendent,” Waterloo-Cedar Falls Courier, May 25, 2012, <http://wcfcourier.com/news/local/marion-educator-new-hudson-superintendent/article_24e91e44-681e-11df-bdb2-001cc4c002e0.html> accessed September 28, 2012, and “FY 2013 Budget Adopted and other board news,” March 21, 2012, article by Superintendent Voss in community schools newsletter.

 

   

 

Click here for pdf copy of this Policy Study

 

All of our publications are available for sponsorship.  Sponsoring a publication is an excellent way for you to show your support of our efforts to defend liberty and define the proper role of government.  For more information, please contact Public Interest Institute at 319-385-3462 or e-mail us at Public.Interest.Institute@LimitedGovernment.org