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July 2013 Policy Study, Number 13-5

   

Electricity – Make It, Use It – 24/7/365

Review of Electrical Grid Issues

   

Endnotes

   

 

[1] Robert Victor, “Executive Summary,” 2013 Report Card for America’s Infrastructure, American Society of Civil Engineers, 2013, <http://www.infrastructurereportcard.org/a/#p/about-the-report-card/advisory-council> accessed on May 15, 2013.
[2] Victor.
[3] Victor.
[4] Jonathan Fahey, “US Power Grid Costs Rise but Service Slips,” The Associated Press, March 5, 2013, <http://www.philly.com/philly/business/20130305_ap_uspowergridcostsrisebutserviceslips.html> accessed on May 14, 2013.
[5] Robert Victor, “The Electric Grid,” 2013 Report Card for America’s Infrastructure, American Society of Civil Engineers, 2013, <http://www.infrastructurereportcard.org/a/#p/about-the-report-card/advisory-council> accessed on May 15, 2013.
[6] “Corporate Information,” Midcontinent Independent Transmission System Operator, <https://www.midwestiso.org/Library/Repository/Communication%20Material/Corporate/Corporate%20Fact%20Sheet.pdf> accessed on June 10, 2013.
[7] Fahey.
[8] Fahey.
[9] Robert Victor, “Average Cost of a Power Interruption in the U.S.,” 2013 Report Card for America’s Infrastructure, American Society of Civil Engineers, 2013, <http://www.infrastructurereportcard.org/a/#e/power-interruptions>accessed on June 6, 2013.
[10] Leela Jacinto, “Sandy Brings yet Another Blackout to US Power Grid,” France 24, October 30, 2012, <http://www.france24.com/en/20121030-sandy-another-storm-blackout-usa-aging-power-grid-new-york-electricity-energy> accessed on May 24, 2013.
[11] “Iowa Utility Announces $1.9 billion Wind Energy Investment,” Dubuque Telegraph-Herald, May 9, 2013, <https://www.asme.org/kb/yellowbrix-article?topic=a3e27009-ea5a-4b48-b89e-0182a6e7f7b4&storyid=185465037> accessed on May 14, 2013.
[12] “Failure to Act: The Economic Impact of Current Investment Trends in Electricity Infrastructure,” American Society of Civil Engineers, 2012, p. 28, <http://www.asce.org/uploadedFiles/Infrastructure/Failure_to_Act/SCE41%20report_Final-lores.pdf> accessed on May 20, 2013.
[13] “Iowa’s Electric Profile,” Iowa Utilities Board, May 2013, <http://www.state.ia.us/government/com/util/energy/electric_profile.html> accessed on May 13, 2013.
[14] Brad Plumer, “Bad news: The U.S. power grid is getting pricier, less reliable,” The Washington Post, March 8, 2013, <http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/wonkblog/wp/2013/03/08/surprise-the-u-s-power-grid-is-getting-pricier-less-reliable/> accessed on May 15, 2013.
[15] “Failure to Act,” p. 44.
[16] Lisa Rhodes, “US Power Grid Has Issues with Reliability,” Data Center Industry Perspectives, January 16, 2013, <http://www.datacenterknowledge.com/archives/2013/01/16/us-power-grid-has-issues-with-reliability/> accessed on May 24, 2013.
[17] Julie Wernau, “ComEd Must Pay Up for Long Power Outages,” The Chicago Tribune, June 6, 2013, <http://www.chicagotribune.com/business/ct-biz-0606-comed-outages-20130606,0,3866617.story> accessed on June 6, 2013.
[18] Robert Victor, “Energy: Investment and Funding,” 2013 Report Card for America’s Infrastructure, American Society of Civil Engineers, 2013, <http://www.infrastructurereportcard.org/a/#p/about-the-report-card/advisory-council> accessed on May 15, 2013.
[19] “Failure to Act,” p. 5.
[20] “Failure to Act,” p. 35.
[21] “Minnesota to Study Sharing Wind-energy Transmission Costs with Other States, Finance and Commerce, September 24, 2008, <0-web.ebscohost.com.libweb.dmacc.edu> accessed on June 5, 2013.
[22] Fahey.
[23] Thomas Content, “New Power Lines Cost Customers,” The Journal Sentinel, June 7, 2013, <www.jsonline.com/business/new-power-lines-cost-customers-b9928980z1-210668831.html> accessed on June 10, 2013.
[24] Jacinto.
[25] “FAQS” Smart Transmission, <http://www.smartstudy.biz/faq.aspx> accessed on June 5, 2013.
[26] “Strategic Midwest Area Renewable Transmission (SMART) Study,” QT e-News, Quanta Technology, Vol. 1, No. 1, Winter 2010, <http://www.quanta-technology.com/sites/default/files/doc-files/2010-02-Winter-QT-News.pdf> accessed on June 5, 2013.
[27] “Power Transmission in Quebec,” June 2013, Hydro Quebec, <http://www.hydroquebec.com/learning/transpoet/grandes-distances.html> accessed on May 24, 2013.
[28] “Utilities Kick Off Study of Upper Midwest’s Transmission Lines,” Finance & Commerce, September 2009, <0-web.ebscohost.com.libweb.dmacc.edu> accessed on June 5, 2013.
[29] “Docket No. NOI-2011-0002: Board Inquiry on High Voltage Transmission Projects,” Iowa Utilities Board, May 16, 2012, p. 5.
[30] Steve Daniels, “Helping Hands,” Crain’s Chicago Business, Vol. 35, No. 21, May 21, 2012, p. 3.
[31] Jennifer Dewitt, “Transmission Line Project Signs Mitigation Agreement,” The Quad City Times, June 2, 2013, <http://qctimes.com/business/transimssion-line-project-signs-mitigationagreement> accessed on June 4, 2013.
[32] Megan Hart, “Farmers, Power Developer at Odds Over High-Voltage Line,” The Topeka Capital-Journal, <http://cjonline.com/news/business/2013-05-25/farmers-power-developer-odds-over-high-voltage-line> accessed on June 4, 2013.
[33] Hart.
[34] Dan Haugen, “New Transmission Line Would Ease Iowa Wind Bottleneck,” Midwestenergy News, December 5, 2012, <http://www.midwestenergynews.com/2011/12/05/new-transmission-line-would-ease-iowa-wind-bottleneck.html> accessed on May 25, 2013.
[35] “Failure to Act,” p. 50.
[36] Shisheng Huang et.al, “Quantifying System-Level Benefits from Distributed Solar and Energy Storage,” Journal of Energy Engineering, June 2012, Vol. 138, No. 2, pp. 33-42.
[37] Thomas Content, “Wisconsin Firms, Utility Commission Wyoming Energy Storage System,” The Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, May 22, 2013, <http://www.jsonline.com/blogs/business/208493831.html> accessed on May 23, 2013.
[38] Liberia Expats Group, Google Groups, <https://groups.google.com/forum/?fromgroups#!forum/liberia-expats> accessed on June 7, 2013.
[39] Plumer.
[40] “Failure to Act,” p. 49.
[41] “Corporate Information.”
[42] “Smart Grid Thermostat Project,” Iowa Association of Municipal Utilities, <http://www.smartgrid.gov/project/iowa_association_municipal_utilities_smart_grid_thermostat_project> accessed on June 9, 2013.
[43] “Ready for the next Sandy? ConEd spending a cool billion to prepare,” Smart Grid Strategy, May 31, 2013, <http://www.smartgridnews.com/artman/publish/Delivery_Grid_Optimization/Ready-for-the-next-Sandy-ConEd-spending-a-cool-billion-to-prepare-5797.html#.UbYVxzgo670> accessed on June 10, 2013.
[44] Ken Wicker, “Energy Generating Station, Clear Lake, Iowa,” Power, Vol. 149, No. 6, July/August 2005, pp. 42-45.
[45] John Funk, “FirstEnergy is converting its Eastlake power plant’s generators,” The Cleveland Plain Dealer, June 7, 2013, <http://www.cleveland.com/business/index.ssf/2013/06/firstenergy_is_converting_its.html> accessed on June 7, 2013.
[46] “Failure to Act,” p. 34.
[47] Hart.
[48] “Executive Summary,” Out of Sight, Out of Mind, Edison Electric Institute, 2012, pp. iv-v, <http://eei.org/ourissues/electricitydistribution/Documents/UndergroundReport.pdf> accessed on June 13, 2013.
[49] “Ready for the next Sandy? ConEd spending a cool billion to prepare.”

 

   

 

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