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August 2014 Policy Study, Number 14-3

   

Geothermal Energy: Important Potential in the U.S. and Iowa

   

Endnotes

   

 

[1] Alan Neuhauser, “Poll: Americans Still Unconcerned About Global Warming,” US News and World Report, April 4, 2014, <http://www.usnews.com/news/blogs/data-mine/2014/04/04/poll-americans-still-unconcerned-about-global-warming> accessed on June 18, 2014.

[2] “Myths/Facts – Common Misconceptions About Global Warming,” Friends of Science, <http://www.friendsofscience.org/index.php?id=3> accessed on June 26, 2014.
[3] Robert Bryce, “The Real Climate ‘Deniers’ Are the Greens,” February 3, 2014, The Wall Street Journal, <http://online.wsj.com/news/articles/SB30001424052702304007504579346774109467020> accessed on July 6, 2014.

[4] “Press,” Texas Public Policy Foundation, June 17, 2014, <http://www.texaspolicy.com/press/media-availability-texas-public-policy-foundation-energy-and-environment-expert-available> accessed on July 11, 2014.
[5] Kathleen White, “Fossil Fuels: The Moral Case,” June 19, 2014, Texas Public Policy Foundation, <http://www.texaspolicy.com/center/energy-environment/reports/fossil-fuels-moral-case> accessed on June 21, 2014.

[6] Matt Ridley, The Rational Optimist (2010), pp. 13-14.
[7] “The Future of Geothermal Energy,” 2006, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, p. 1-1, <http://geothermal.inel.gov/publications/future_of_geothermal_energy.pdf> accessed on July 14, 2014.
[8] Ibid, pp. 1-2.
[9] “Work, Energy, Power” definitions, Hyper Physics, <http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/work.html> accessed on June 27, 2014.
[10] Robert Bryce, “The Real Problem with Renewables,” Forbes, May 11, 2010, <http://www.forbes.com/2010/05/11/renewables-energy-oil-economy-opinions-contributors-robert-bryce.html> accessed on June 27, 2014.

[11] Robert Wilson, "The Future of Energy: Why Power Density Matters," August 8, 2013, The Energy Collective, <http://theenergycollective.com/robertwilson190/257481/why-power-density-matters> accessed on July 6, 2014.

[12]“Solar Energy in Iowa,” Iowa Environmental Council, p. 3, <http://iaenvironment.org/documents/2014/solarpub/RealPotentialReadyToday_pub_web.pdf> accessed May 15, 2014.
[13] Robert Bryce.

[14] Robert Wilson.

[15] “Energy Risks – The Dangers of Power Cuts and Blackouts,” Allianz, <http://www.agcs.allianz.com/insights/expert-risk-articles/energy-risks/> accessed on July 1, 2014.
[16] “The Last Post,” The Oil Drum, September, 22, 2013, <http://www.theoildrum.com/> accessed on August 1, 2014.
[17] “Annual Energy Review 2011,” Table 4.1, U.S. Energy Information Administration, September 2012, p. 89, <http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/pdf/aer.pdf> accessed on July 6, 2014.
[18] Jeffrey Pfeffer and Robert I. Sutton, “Hard Facts – Dangerous Half-Truths and Total Nonsense,” Harvard Business Press, 2006, p. 30.
[19] Ryan J. Foley, “APNewsBreak: Iowa Nixes Solar Grant After Lobbying,” The Washington Times, July 17, 2014, <http://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2014/jul/17/apnewsbreak-iowa-nixes-solar-grant-after-lobbying/?page=all> accessed on July 19, 2014.
[20] Kathleen White, “Human Successes Linked to Wealth of Fossil Fuels,” Austin American-Statesman, statesman.com, December 29, 2013, <http://www.statesman.com/news/news/opinion/human-successes-linked-to-wealth-of-fossil-fuels/ncWCk/> accessed on July 7, 2014.

[21] William Tucker, “Terrestrial Energy (Geothermal, Nuclear vs. Fossil Fuels and Renewables),”),” Masterresource.org, January 16, 2012, <http://www.masterresource.org/2012/01/terrestrial-energy-geothermal-nuclear-vs-fossil-fuels-and-renewables/#more-18190> accessed on June 25, 2014.

[22] Lee Allison, “New Source of Geothermal Energy in Western U.S.,” Arizona Geology, September 29, 2012, <http://arizonageology.blogspot.com/2012/09/new-source-of-geothermal-energy-in.html> accessed on July 8, 2014.
[23] Geothermal Capacity, British Petroleum, <http://www.bp.com/en/global/corporate/about-bp/energy-economics/statistical-review-of-world-energy/review-by-energy-type/renewable-energy/geothermal-capacity.html> accessed on July 8, 2014.

[24] Benjamin Matek, “2014 Annual U.S. & Global Geothermal Power Production Report,” April 2014, p. 8, <http://geo-energy.org/events/2014%20Annual%20US%20&%20Global%20Geothermal%20Power%20Production%20Report%20Final.pdf> accessed on June 15, 2014.

[25] Benjamin Matek, “International Geothermal Power Project List as of August 2013,” Geothermal Energy Association, <http://geo-energy.org/pressReleases/Developing%20Project%20List_Sept%202013.pdf> accessed on June 15, 2014. 
[26] Benjamin Matek, “2014 Annual U.S. & Global Geothermal Power Production Report,” April 2014, p. 4, <http://geo-energy.org/events/2014%20Annual%20US%20&%20Global%20Geothermal%20Power%20Production%20Report%20Final.pdf> accessed on June 15, 2014.
[27] Ibid., p. 13.
[28] John W. Lund and R. Gordon Bloomquist, “Development of Geothermal Policy in the United States, What Works and What Doesn’t Work,” Geo-Heat Center Quarterly Bulletin, Vol. 30, No. 4, February 2012, p. 1, <http://geoheat.oit.edu/bulletin/bull30-4/bull30-4-all.pdf> accessed on July 18, 2014.
[29] Billy J. Roberts, “Geothermal Resource of the United States,” October 13, 2009, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, <http://www.nrel.gov/gis/images/geothermal_resource2009-final.jpg> accessed on July 14, 2014.
[30] “Hydropower, Geothermal and Biomass Power Executives Call for Extension of the Production Tax Credit,” North American Clean Energy, January 29, 2013, <http://www.nacleanenergy.com/articles/12913/hydropower-geothermal-and-biomass-power-executives-call-for-extension-of-the-production-tax-credit> accessed on July 16, 2014.
[31] “New industry Paper Examines Reports on Geothermal Power Costs and Benefits,” June 2014, <http://www.nacleanenergy.com/articles/18142/new-industry-paper-examines-reports-on-geothermal-power-costs-and-benefits> accessed on July 13, 2014.
[32] E-mail from Ron Marr, June 11, 2014, to Deborah Thornton. 
[33] Lund and Bloomquist, p. 8.
[34] Rob Hillesland, “IUB-OCA State Office Building Wins National Award for Its Exceptional Energy Savings,” Iowa Utilities Board News, April 25, 2014, <http://www.state.ia.us/government/com/util/docs/news_releases/2014/0425_COTE_Award.pdf> accessed on June 5, 2014.
[35] Lund and Bloomquist, p. 7.
[36] “Geothermal Heat Pumps,” Prairie Energy, <http://www.prairieenergy.coop/aspx/Products.aspx?ProductID=12> accessed on July 16, 2014.

 

   

 

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