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November 2014 Policy Study, Number 14-7


Religious Pluralism: John Hick and the Elephant With Every Other Name





[1] John Hick, “Religious Pluralism,” in Philosophy of Religion: Selected Readings. Edited by Michael Peterson, William Hasker, Bruce Reichenbach, and David Basinger. (New York: Oxford University Press, 2001): 565.
[2] Ibid. 566.
[3] Ibid.
[4] Ibid.
[5] Ibid. 567.
[6] Ibid.
[7] Ibid. 569.
[8] Ibid. 568.
[9] Ibid. 570.
[10] You may have inferred the truth through various ways such as my testimony, through another person’s testimony, or even by observation. 
[11] Ibid. 568.
[12] Of course it may be the case that both accounts are false, but both cannot be true.
[13] Ibid. 570.
[14] Ibid. 566.
[15] This is the Christian view of salvation. One can find a full exposition of this in Romans and Galatians. Specifically Rom. 4; 11:6, Gal. 3.
[16] Hick. 565.
[17] Ibid.
[18] Holding that all contradictory beliefs are true is contrary to the law of non-contradiction. This renders speech and thought meaningless, and is actually impossible to hold. As the medieval philosopher Avicenna explained, everyone who denies the law of non-contradiction should be beaten and burned until they admit that to be beaten is not the same as not to be beaten, and to be burned is not the same as not to be burned. 




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